In September 2015, countries adopted the document “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” (the 2030 Agenda). This was a new expression of the global commitment to face the challenges left unmet by the MDGs. At the core of the Agenda are 17 Sustainable Development Goals detailed in 169 targets, as a set of commitments by governments aimed at achieving the elimination of extreme poverty, reducing inequalities and protecting the environment in the next years. This will be done through promoting a development model based on equity and economic growth sustained by the creation of decent work.
The decent work component expressed in SDG 8, includes target 8.7, which seeks the elimination of forced labour, ending modern forms of slavery and ensuring the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including recruitment and use of child soldiers, and, by 2025, ending child labour in all its forms.
Ending child labour by 2025 entails, in turn, making progress in at least 35 related targets under goals other than Goal 8 that have a direct bearing on reducing child labour:
- SDG 1: End poverty
- SDG 2: End hunger
- SDG 3: Ensure healthy lives
- SDG 4: Ensure inclusive, equitable and quality education
- SDG 5: Achieve gender equality
- SDG 10: Reduce inequality
- SDG 13: Combat climate change
- SDG 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies
For further information, please visit the web application about Target 8.7: http://target8-7.iniciativa2025alc.org/en/
What if we do not eliminate child labour?
- Successful youth employment would be hindered
- Full protection of labour rights would not be achieved
- Full and productive employment would not be achieved
- Decent work would not be achieved
The elimination of child labour is an urgent task and a possible goal to achieve. Most of our countries need to allocate 0.3% of their GDP in the next 10 years to put an end to it by 20251. However, this requires political will and effective policies.
1 “As they grow, so do you. Eliminating child labour, an investment with great returns”. International Labour Organization, 2015.